Hop Name
Hop Alpha Acid %
Common Beer StylesPossible Hop SubstitutionsHop Characteristics
Admiral (U.K.)
13.5% to 16%
AleU.K. Target, U.K. Northdown, U.K. ChallengerKnown for its bittering potential.
4% to 6.3%
Floral, citrus, sharp, and piney.
8% to 9%
Ale, IPACascade, CentennialCitrusy, flowery.
Bramling Cross (U.K.)
5% to 7%
ESB, bitter, pale aleU.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Progress, Whitbread Golding VarietyQuite mild, fruity currant aroma.
Brewer’s Gold
7% to 8.5%
English aleBullionBittering hop with neutral aroma character.
Brewer’s Gold (German)
6% to 7%
Ale, heavier German-style lagersNorthdown, Northern Brewer, Galena, BullionBlack currant, fruity, spicy.
6.5% to 9%
IPA, ESB, stoutColumbus, Northern Brewer, German Brewer’s GoldA rich hop primarily used for bittering. Intense blackcurrant aroma.
4.5% to 7%
Pale ale, IPA, porter, barleywineCentennial, Amarillo, possibly ColumbusPleasant, flowery, spicy, and citrusy. Can have a grapefruit flavor.
8% to 11.5%
All ale styles, has been used with wheat beerCascade, possibly ColumbusMedium with floral and citrus tones.
Challenger (U.K.)
6.5% to 8.5%
English-style ales, porter, stout, ESB, bitterU.S. or German Perle, Northern BrewerMild to moderate, quite spicy.
10% to 14%
Pale ale, IPA, stout, porter, lagerNugget, Columbus, Northern Brewer, U.K. TargetMild to medium-heavy, spicy, piney, and grapefruity.
11% to 13%
Pale ale, IPACascade, CentennialTropical fruit, Citrus
5.5% to 8.5%
Ale and lager (good aroma for ale, good bittering for lager)GalenaMedium and quite spicy.
11% to 16%
IPA, pale ale, stoutNugget, Chinook, U.K. Target, Northern BrewerPleasant, with pungent aroma.
2% to 4.5%
Lager, pilsner, ESBMt. Hood, Hersbrucker, French Strisslespalt, Liberty, HallertauerMild and pleasant, spicy and flowery.
9% to 12%
WheatGalena, Nugget, ChinookStrong but pleasant aroma.
First Gold (U.K.)
6.5% to 8.5%
Ale, ESBU.K. Kent Golding, maybe CrystalA little like Golding family; spicy.
Fuggle (U.S.)
4% to 5.5%
Any English-style beer or American aleU.K. Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding, U.S. TettnangerMild and pleasant, earthy and fruity.
Fuggle (U.K.)
4% to 5.5%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lagerU.S. Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian GoldingMild, pleasant, hoppy, and robust.
Galaxy11% to 16%IPA, Pale aleAmarillo, CitraCitrus, Passionfruit
10% to 14%
Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitterNugget, Pride of Ringwood, ChinookMedium but pleasant hoppiness, citrusy.
Golding (U.S.)
4% to 6%
Pale ale, ESB, all English-style beerU.K. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress, and possibly the Fuggle familyMild, extremely pleasant, and gently hoppy.
Hallertauer (U.S.)
3.5% to 5.5%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheatLiberty, Ultra, Hallertauer TraditionVery mild, pleasant, and slightly flowery, some spicy.
Hallertauer Gold
6% to 6.5%
Crystal, Mt. HoodKnown for its aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh
3% to 5.5%
Lager, bock, wheat, maybe pilsnerLiberty, German Tradition, UltraMild and pleasant.
Hallertauer Tradition (Ger.)
3.5% to 5.5%
Mild-flavored beersCrystal, LibertyKnown for its aromatic properties. A replacement for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
Hallertau Hersbrucker (German)
3% to 5.5%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheatMt. Hood, French StrisslespaltMild to semi-strong, pleasant, hoppy.
11% to 14%
Ale, lagerMagnum or a high-alpha hopPleasantly hoppy.
Kent Golding (U.K.)
4% to 5.5%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitterU.S. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. ProgressGentle, fragrant, and pleasant.
3% to 6%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheatHallertauer Tradition, Hallertauer, Mt. HoodMild and clean aroma, slightly spicy character.
13% to 15%
All beers, particularly lager, pilsner, stoutNorthern BrewerKnown for bittering value and quality.
Mt. Hood
3% to 8%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheatCrystal, French Strisslespalt, HersbruckerMild, pleasant, and clean, somewhat pungent and resiny.
Northdown (U.K.)
7.5% to 9.5%
All ales, porterFruity with some spiciness.
Northern Brewer (U.S.)
6% to 10%
ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter, California (steam) beerNugget, ChinookMedium-strong with some wild tones.
Northern Brewer (German)
7% to 10%
ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porterChinook, U.S. Northern BrewerMedium-strong with some wild tones.
Northwest Golding
4% to 5%
Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitterKnown for aromatic properties.
11% to 14.5%
Light lagerColumbus, Chinook, U.K. Target, GalenaQuite heavy and herbal.
11% to 13%
ChinookMild to medium, citrusy aroma, spicy.
Perle (U.S.)
6% to 9.5%
Pale ale, porter, German stylesNorthern Brewer, Cluster, Galena, ChinookKnown for its aromatic and bittering properties, pleasant and slightly spicy.
Perle (German)
6% to 8.5%
Pale ale, porter, lagerU.S. Perle, Northern BrewerModerately intense, good and hoppy, fruity and a little spicy.
Phoenix (U.K.)
4.2% to 5.5%
All alesU.K. Northdown, U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. ChallengerSimilar to U.K. Challenger.
Pioneer (U.K.)
8% to 10%
Ale, ESBU.K. Kent GoldingA mild, typical English aroma.
Polish Lublin
3% to 4.5%
PilsnerU.S. Saaz, Czech Saaz, U.S. TettnangerMild and typical of noble aroma types, spicy, herbal.
Pride of Ringwood (Australia)
7% to 10%
Australian lagerGalena, ClusterQuite pronounced, woody, earthy, herbal.
Progress (U.K.)
5% to 7.5%
Ale, bitter, ESB, porterU.K. Kent Golding, FuggleModerately strong, good aroma.
Saaz (Czech)
3% to 4.5%
PilsnerU.S. Saaz, Polish LublinVery mild with pleasant hoppy notes, earthy, spicy, and herbal.
Saaz (U.S.)
3% to 5%
Pilsner, lager, wheatCzech Saaz, Polish LublinMild and pleasant, earthy and spicy.
5% to 7.9%
Lager, American ale, pilsnerGerman Tettnanger, German Spalt, German Spalt SelectNoble characteristics.
12.5% to 14%
GalenaKnown for its bittering and aromatic properties.
12% to 14%
IPA, American Pale AleSummitA bittering and aromatic hop.
Spalt (German)
4% to 5.5%
LagerU.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger, German Spalt SelectMild and pleasant, slightly spicy.
Spalt Select (German)
4% to 6%
Lager, and any beer where noble aroma is wantedU.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger, German SpaltVery fine Spalter-type aroma.
Spalt Select (U.S.)
3% to 5%
German lagersTettnanger, SaazMedium intensity and pleasant hoppy qualities. Medium-strong aroma with wild American tones.
6% to 9%
Lager, ale, pilsnerSaaz, Polish LublinHerbal, spicy, pleasant aroma, hint of floral and citrus.
Strisslespalt (France)
3% to 5%
Pilsner, lager, wheatMt. Hood, Crystal, HersbruckerMedium intensity, pleasant, hoppy.
Styrian Golding (Slovenia)
4.5% to 6%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lagerU.S. Fuggle, U.K. Fuggle, WillametteDelicate, slightly spicy.
17.5% to 19.5%
IPAs, Imperial IPAsSimcoeOrange, tangerine, citrus notes.
Target (U.K.)
9.5% to 12.5%
All ale and lagerFuggle, WillamettePleasant English hop aroma, quite intense.
Tettnanger (U.S.)
3.4% to 5.2%
German ales and lagers, American lagers, wheatGerman Spalt, Czech Saaz SantiamAn aromatic hop, mild and slightly spicy.
Tettnanger (German)
3.5% to 5.5%
Lager, aleGerman Spalt, German Spalt Select, U.S. Tettnanger, SaazMild and pleasant, slightly spicy, herbal.
15% to 17%
AleColumbusPrimarily a bittering hop.
Tradition (German)
5% to 7%
Lager, pilsnerHersbrucker, Hallertauer MittelfrühVery fine and similar to Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
2% to 4.1%
Lager, pilsner, wheat, finish hop in alesLiberty, Hallertauer Tradition, SaazVery good to outstanding, some Saaz-like qualities. Aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
4% to 5.67%
Saaz, Hallertauer MittelfrühAroma similar to continental European types.
Wakatu6.5% to 8.5%Ale, LagersZesty, floral.
15% to 17%
Ale, stoutNuggetA bittering and aromatic hop.
WGV (Whitbread Golding Variety) (U.K.)
5% to 7%
AleU.K. Kent Golding, U.K. ProgressQuite pleasant and hoppy, moderately intense.
3.5% to 6%
Pale ale, ESB, bitter, English-style ale, porter, stoutU.S. Fuggle, U.S. Tettnanger, Styrian GoldingMild and pleasant, slightly spicy, fruity, floral, a little earthy.
Yakima Cluster
6% to 8.5%
Used as a kettle hop for bittering.
13% to 17%
ColumbusAromatic and pleasant